India wants to bunker green hydrogen in major ports by 2035

India has set a 2035 deadline for the establishment of green hydrogen bunkering and refueling facilities in major ports to reduce its carbon footprint, the Ministry of Shipping said in guidelines released on Wednesday.

As one of the world’s largest emitters of greenhouse gases, India aims to reduce its emissions to net zero by 2070. The shipping minister said three of its ports would initially have bunker facilities for green hydrogen and ammonia.

“Our goal is to cover all twelve main parts with a bunker facility for green hydrogen by 2035,” said Shipping Minister Sarbananda Sonowal.

The first ports of the project are to be Paradip in the east, Kandla in the west and Tuticorin in the south.

“The funding required to convert these ports into green ports is under review,” Sonowal added.

More than 200 ports dot India’s coastline, which stretches 7,500 km (4,660 miles), in addition to the 12 major ports which together account for 95% of trade volume and 65% of value.

Authorities want at least half of major ports’ vehicle and equipment needs to be powered by electricity instead of diesel by 2030, and for that share to increase further to 90% by 2047.

“Every initiative we take is aimed at meeting the goal of being a carbon-neutral nation by 2070,” Sonowal said.

To reach the net-zero target, at least 40% of India’s electricity must come from renewable sources.

To this end, the new shipping guidelines require ports to meet at least 60% of their electricity needs from renewable energy by 2030 and 90% by 2047.

In addition, all ports must reduce energy consumption per tonne of cargo by more than one-fifth by 2030 compared to 2023, the guidelines say.

To increase the use of gas, the Ministry of Shipping wants ports to build at least one liquefied natural gas (LNG) bunker station by 2030 and electric vehicle charging stations in and around port areas by 2025.

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