Green port policy soon with a focus on CO2 neutrality

India is about to introduce a Green Ports Policy to encourage local ports to adopt new global standards for carbon neutrality, thereby contributing to the broader long-term national goal of net-zero emissions.

Officials said the directive will define the parameters for categorizing green ports, alongside incentives for switching to less polluting fuels and improving efficiency to lower overall emissions.

“The policy will define how the green ports model will be interwoven with the public-private partnership (PPP) models already deployed in ports,” said a senior government official.

It will also provide for emissions reductions and have built-in incentives to do so.

“It will enable integration with the Green Hydrogen mission, with a focus on the use of the clean fuel in the port and shipping industries,” the official said.

The Panchamrit (five nectar elements) defined by Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Glasgow (COP26) will be guiding principles of policy.

As part of the Panchamrit, the Prime Minister has set a national target to increase non-fossil energy capacity to 500 GW by 2030. India, as part of the plan, will also reduce total projected carbon emissions by 1 billion tonnes from 2021 to 2030 and become net-zero carbon emitter by 2070.

“Indian ports also need to calculate annual greenhouse gas (GHG) and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Once the emission amount is set as a baseline, domestic ports will start their efforts to offset it in a defined period,” the official said.

Indian ports are already proposing to reduce CO2 emissions per tonne of cargo handled by 30% by 2030.

India will be the first country under the IMO Green Voyage 2050 project to conduct a pilot related to Green Shipping.

India’s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) under the Paris Agreement for 2021-2030 include a target to reduce the emissions intensity of its gross domestic product by 33-35% by 2030 from 2005 levels.

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