According to the Minister of Ports, Shipping and Waterways and Ayush, the Jawaharlal Nehru Port Authority, the state-owned company that operates India’s second largest container gateway, will win a contract to build two green tugboats at Cochin Shipyard Ltd in the next three months. grant , Sarbananda Sonowal.
The ministry has also “advised” the Deendayal Port Authority, the Paradip Port Authority and the VO Chidambaranar Port Authority to each order two new green tugs, most likely from Cochin Shipyard, said ministry officials briefed on the plan.
The government has chosen the tugboat segment to embark on a journey towards green Indian shipping, and the transition involves trying out hybrid technology before opting for full-fledged sustainable solutions, one of the officials said.
Tugs are used for various purposes, e.g. B. to pull and push large cargo ships, to enter and exit a port and to be used as a rescue ship for security and emergencies.
Tugs only require high power when pulling or pushing large ships; otherwise only minimal performance is sufficient.
“If you look at the operating profile of tugs, they may only need high power for less than 5 to 10 percent of their total operating time. But during that time it requires tremendous energy, so it’s an extreme,” said a shipbuilding manager.
“So when we talk about eco-friendly tugs, purely battery-powered tugs may not be possible.
Then the tractor has to have a huge battery, and that battery only gets used for 10 percent of its lifespan,” he explained.
“Therefore, in normal operation, a green tug will practically run on battery or other eco-friendly fuels, and when it needs peak performance it inevitably needs to have a diesel engine on board. So when we talk about a green tractor, first of all it will be a hybrid tractor,” he said.
The construction of environmentally friendly tugs has been a topic of discussion at the Department for Ports, Shipping and Waterways for some time as part of a larger plan to encourage the use of non-fossil fuels/alternative fuels in the shipping industry.
“It’s something that every country is now chasing. The general opinion was that tugboats are probably the first thing we should look at as they do not go into international waters but are mainly used in coastal areas and in ports. Also, since the major ports are under its control, the ministry felt it might be wise to get some green tugboats. That way, the plan can be implemented much more easily and the private sector can then follow,” said a ministry official.
In addition, Cochin Shipyard, also controlled by the ministry, has started building non-green tugboats, two each for Ocean Sparkle Ltd, a unit of Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone Ltd, and Polestar Maritime Ltd. The tugs are currently being built at The farm is located at Malpe in Karnataka.
The plan found favor at the Ministry’s recent Chintan Shibir at Munnar hill station in Kerala, at which it was decided that the country should proceed immediately with the introduction of environmentally friendly solutions.
“We can’t keep this waiting. So why don’t we look at some green tugs/hybrid tugs in the waters as early as possible,” the official said.
It has yet to be decided whether the four major ports will issue tenders to acquire the tugs or award the contracts to Cochin Shipyard on a nomination basis.